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bed bug and fecal matter


Bed bugs originated in the Middle East and were transported around the world on human beings. Originally discovered in North America in 1748, they were virtually eliminated in the U.S. during the 1940s through the use of DDT. However, due to increases in international travel and pesticide regulations, they have become more common in recent years. Although bed bugs have been associated with over 25 different disease organisms, they are not known to transmit diseases to humans. However, their bites may result in itchy, red welts often found in lines or clusters on the body.

Biology and Behavior

adult bed bug

  • These bugs are 3/16 of an inch long; oval and flattened; can survive 6-7 months without feeding.

  • Females deposit 1 to 5 eggs per day over a 2-month period; average of 200 eggs per female.

  • Life cycle: egg to adult in 21 days at 86°F; egg-laying inhibited below 60°F.

  • Bed bugs have a simple metamorphosis (egg-nymph-adult) with five nymph instars.

  • These bugs are nocturnal; feeding after dark. They only feed on blood (primarily human).

  • They cause an allergic reaction 80% of the time.

  • They typically live within the cracks and crevices in or around bedding and furniture.

  • Large infestations emit a sickly-sweet, raspberry-like odor.

  • They deposit fecal pellets (spots) here and there on surfaces (e.g., corners of furniture).

  • They are introduced into new areas via bedbug-infested humans, belongings, and furniture.

Bed Bug Prevention Tips

  • Look for these bugs in and around mattress buttons and beading, box springs and crevices of wooden bed frames.

  • They can be found behind picture frames and within nightstands, under baseboards and floorboard cracks and around door and window frames.

  • They will live inside stuffed furniture such as sofas and recliners and behind loose wallpaper as well as inside electric sockets and along electrical conduits.

  • Have been found in buses, boats, trains and airplanes.

  • Can also be seen along ceiling and wall junctures as well as behind curtains.

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Articles Related To Bed Bugs

For more information about bed bugs, please visit our Bed Bug Resource Center.


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