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Is Your Home Rodent Proof?

February 2, 2015


large rat in an indianapolis home

The classification rodent refers to all mammals that gnaw with two continuously growing front teeth, which are called incisors. Scientists have determined that forty percent of all mammals are considered rodents, and they can be found everywhere in the world, with the exception of Antarctica. Of the more than 2000 species of rodentia only a few are considered household pests.

Common Rodent Pests

Voles, groundhogs, and porcupine can ruin your lawn or find harborage under your deck, garage, and shed. These rodents chew plants, plant roots, and wood products. During winter these pest rodents can still be a problem, but they are much less active.

Mice, rats and squirrels can be active all year round, getting into eaves, wall voids and attic spaces, where their chewing can be destructive. They are known carriers of parasites like lice, ticks and fleas and inside a home these parasites can spread to humans. Mice and rats are also known to carry human transmitted disease and can spread illness through contact with surfaces, food, and dishes. Their hair, urine and feces can also cause pathogens to become airborne if left in air ducts.

Destructive Behavior

Rodents must chew to wear down their ever-growing incisors. This behavior makes it hard to exclude them from entering human dwellings. It also makes them dangerous inside a structure where they can chew on insulation and wires.

Prevention Tips

Exclusion is possible with the following methods.

  • Seal foods in hard plastic containers to hide food smells and prevent access.

  • Do not leave food on counters.

  • Put pet food down only during meals.

  • Repair damaged or rotted areas on your exterior walls and roofline.

  • Create a chemical barrier to deter rodents.

Handling chemicals is not recommended unless you are a professional. Pesticides can be dangerous if not applied properly. Partner with a pest control company that offers comprehensive pest proofing services and employs state certified pest management professionals that are experienced in the safe use of pesticides. When you call for service, ask the pest company if it is QualityPro certified, whether or not they have board-certified entomologists on staff, and what guarantees they offer. Then you'll know the job will be done thoroughly and safely.




 

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